Gum disease is the leading cause of early tooth loss. There are two major forms of the disease, which are gingivitis and periodontitis. Both forms of disease have a severity rating from slight to severe. When the acute form of the disease is not treated with the proper treatment, they can both turn into a chronic ailment that may be stubborn to eradicate.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that causes bleeding, irritation, redness, and swelling in the gum tissue that is at the base and in between the teeth. The most common cause of the inflammation is poor oral hygiene due to poor habits or crowding of the teeth. Proper brushing, flossing daily, and receiving professional cleanings every 6 months will prevent and/or reverse gingivitis. Orthodontic treatment (Invisalign or traditional braces) can also improve oral hygiene.
Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums which leads to chronic inflammation, bone loss, and subsequently tooth loss. Over accumulation of plaque and tarter around your teeth travel under your gums and can cause severe bone loss or an abscess if not treated properly. Periodontitis is treated with a procedure called Scaling and Root Planing (Deep Cleaning). Local anesthetic is required for this procedure so that all the bacteria can be thoroughly removed without pain. After a deep cleaning, we recommend a 3, 4, or 6 months periodontal maintenance recall schedule where we examine your gums and professionally clean your teeth. These recall appointments are required so that the periodontitis does not return.